What we're lacking in Alberta are enough Journeymen! Lots of apprentice's but way too much work(and money) for them to take the necessary time and finish trade school.
And if I remember correctly, practical was a fillet weld in the F,OH,V and H positions. And this was given in your last year of apprenticeship. You were still required to perform a practical at the end 1st and 2nd year terms along with the theory. A provincial and interprovincial exam is written at the end of your 3rd year to acquire the much coveted "Red Seal". Now, this was how I remember it being done waaay back in '92. Bob.