I'm welding a four inch solid shaft from an 18-wheeler hub to a half inch mild steel plate. There is a hole in the plate, and it's a butt weld around. This thing lasts about two months before the cracks are visible again. It keeps breaking at the interface with the steel plate. I'm welding it with 7018, preheating it to death, etc. My vote is that the geometry of the joint is causing the cracks to start as soon as the material starts to cool and has no place to loose tension. It's obviously not lamilinear tearing because the stress is in the direction of the grain in the plate. Anyway, is there any good info on contrained joints on the net? I know pipe flanges are welded all the time all day long without cracking, and its a very similar joint. Any ideas?
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Thread: constrained joints
06-22-2007, 11:32 AM #1Junior Member
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- Dec 2006
06-22-2007, 11:43 AM #2
I'm not sure I'm getting the right thoughts (not that I ever do) in my head by what you describe. PICTURES and lots of them, any pics you can give us will help in trying to come up with a cure for you. DaveIf necessity is the Mother of Invention, I must be the Father of Desperation!
John Blewett III 10-22-73 to 8-16-07
Another racing great gone but not to be forgotten.http://video.google.com/videoplay?do...modified&hl=en
06-22-2007, 12:52 PM #3Junior Member
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- Dec 2006
I can't figure out how to upload a picture, so I'll do my best. Take a piece of plate and lay it on a table. Cut a four inch hole in the middle and remove insert. Lay a shaft inside the hole and butt weld the back side. The design of the part makes it impossible to access the back for a fillet weld. Basically, the part makes a T and I'm welding the top of the T with the saft being the vertical part of the T.
06-22-2007, 01:17 PM #4
i guess ur usin 7018 1/8 rod? what amp setting? im not shure i know of any info for that but ill look on the net.welding...its awsome
06-22-2007, 04:55 PM #5
Are you beveling the end of the shaft?
What is the shaft made of?
What is the function of this?
Below is me procedure for situations like you find your self. This only applies for non life safety situations.
If the weld or joint fails and people could get hurt, then you are on your own.
I would bevel the heck out of the shaft, deep enough so that I could do several passes up to five no less than 3. I would remove any existing weld. I would preheat the shaft and plate after tacking. I would place welding blankets around the weldment so that cooling would take as long as possible.
I would use 8018 or 10018, or I would use something with nickel in it. Coreshield 8 if I were running wire.
Please let me know the answers to the above questions as thet could change my answers a lot.TJ______________________________________
06-22-2007, 05:20 PM #6Junior Member
- Join Date
- Dec 2006
More data! I finally made contact with the manufacturer. The shaft is 4041 surface hardened to I don't remember what. It's a spindle off of an 18-wheeler. The plate is plain old A36. They sent me a detailed weld procedure that didn't detail filler (figures). Anyway, you nailed it, they said the cooling phase was absolutely critical and that we needed to sandbag it or any other means to prolong cooling. I actually welded it last with 3/16 7018 around 220 amps. The procedure said small beads and not too much heat was better, but I'm still not sure of the recommended filler.
Which brings me to a long-time question of mine. What is more critical when welding dissimilar metals together? Chemical or physical properties, or a combination. I know the higher alloy rods are more brittle, but are closer in chemical makeup to the higher alloy steels. However, 7018 is about ductile as it gets and makes forgiving welds much of the time in the proper hands. I come across this a lot like the shaft problem, or welding AR plates and sheets over mild steel frames. Thanks for all the help!
06-22-2007, 06:10 PM #7
I weld similar stuff all the time, usually 4140 or 4340 to mild steel (A36 / 44W). The machinist at work has always had me preheat the shaft around 325F and do the weld with 8018 C3, or a 80ksi rod with good elongation properties. Medium carbon steel or low alloy steel electrodes work as well. We don't have a sand box, but I wrap the parts in a fire blanket to cool slowly, usually takes overnight to cool. In my application the parts I'm making are usually transmission adapters for dyno testing large equipment trannys. Lots of torque loading and vibration, never had one crack or break yet. Sounds like you're on the right track.
I hope this helps
Last edited by JonnyTIG; 06-22-2007 at 06:12 PM.Jonny
Esab PCM 1000
06-22-2007, 06:13 PM #8
Sounds like you are on the right track.Jonny
Esab PCM 1000
06-22-2007, 06:47 PM #9
As to filler I would be looking for something with a Charpy Impact Test # of 20ftlbs at -20F. This is good rod for stable elongation at a wide temperature range.
The reason for the small beads and lots of them is to build a lot of heat in the part and the slow cooling allows the slow release of the built up stress.
I would do this only when I had the time to weld straight through to cap.
To post pictures look to the bottom of the post dialog box find the manage attachments button and click new window opens (small) click on browse to find a picture on your system. Note they cant be very big. If your photos are too big to upload open a photo editor and save a copy under "save for the web" then publish the copy.
NOW we want pictures! lolTJ______________________________________
06-22-2007, 08:10 PM #10
Last edited by MMW; 06-22-2007 at 08:16 PM.MM250
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